I am an Associate Professor of Political Science at Boston College, a Research Affiliate with the MIT Security Studies Program, and a Fellow at the Crown Center for Middle East Studies. I have recently published books on navigating field research, coercion in international politics, and the strategy and success of nationalist rebels in civil war. My research and teaching focus on Middle East politics, political violence, nationalism, rebels and regime change, and peace-building. I give talks and facilitate discussions with universities, think tanks, and business and community groups, and I conduct media interviews. I have a Ph.D. in political science from MIT and a B.A. in political science and history from Williams College.
This semester, I am excited to be giving talks at Primary Source on the history of nationalism in the Middle East (January 24), and at The Crown Center for Middle East Studies at Brandeis University (February 1) and the Institute for Security and Conflict Studies at George Washington University (March 27) on my new book project: "To Which Victor Go the Spoils? Rebel Power After Regime Change." Check the links for info on attending via Zoom or in person.
The majority of states in the world today were created via secession, but a majority of secessionist movements have failed to gain independence. Counter-secession is not only more successful than secession; it is also more common. Independence is rarely won quickly or cheaply, as existing states fight to maintain their borders across four phases of secession: identity formation, group mobilisation, (un)armed struggle and international recognition. This article presents the repertoire of states' counter-secession strategies throughout the secessionist struggle, including cultural assimilation, administrative organisation, civilian displacement, banning secessionist political activity, fragmenting the secessionist movement, economic coercion, violent repression and blocking international recognition. This collective analysis of the causal logic and illustrative historical examples of state counter-secession strategies lays the foundation for a more comprehensive research programme on counter-secession across time and space.
Check out our podcast, Stories from the Field, where we interview our book contributors, students, and other experts about their careers and experiences conducting field research in a variety of locations and contexts.
© 2023 by PETER KRAUSE
Main Photo: Caitlin Cunningham, Boston College